Sea Traveled to America at Deutsche Auswandererhaus

Sea traveled to America at Deutsche Auswandererhaus. One more nice museum in Bremerhaven. Themed human migration, Deutsche Auswandererhaus name. It is very close to the city center. There are many ships there leaning because there are quite a large port.

Migration of Europeans to the new country has a long and colorful history. Since the mid-19th century, millions of Europeans are migrating heavily, especially with the goal of the United States and Canada. In the early 20th century, some 70 million people make an exodus from Europe, either for reasons of social, political, and economic. Bremerhaven, a port city a newly established in 1827 by the mayor of Bremen, Johann Smidt (1773-1857), is one of the exit port of the emigrants. Recorded more than 7.2 million people migrated between the year 1830 to 1974 via Bremerhaven. Approximately 3.7 man from Germany, 3.4 million of East and Southeast Europe and the rest of Scandinavia.

Deutsche Auswandererhaus built on the banks of the Port of New Bremen, where the ships used to transport emigrants brought them to a new world. Museum's three floors of newly refurbished and reopened since 8 August 2005. Museum which has a showroom covering 2,200 square meters is equipped with a variety of electronic media, so that visitors can learn more about the history of human migration into the New World. Sea Traveled to America at Deutsche Auswandererhaus, You are interested in sailing to America to travel to
Deutsche Auswandererhaus?

After registering through the front, each visitor will be provided with a pass card. These cards can then be used to read and listen to the history, stories, and experiences of emigrants through existing electronic media.

Travel within the Deutsche Auswandererhaus Wartehalle reconstruction begins in a waiting room for passengers or third grade, complete with ancient furnace in New Port Bremerhaven. Through a loudspeaker, introduced a bit of history as a port city of Bremerhaven in German and English. In this space there are some pictures of lithography, illustrating the Old and New Harbour Bremerhaven in the mid-19th century. Waiting Room's first Norddeutsche Lloyd (NDL) was built in 1869.

Following the introduction is over, open the door next to the waiting room. On the outside, it looks a dull wooden stairs to the top of the museum, we drove to the dock port. I immediately felt different atmosphere when entering the dock. A cold wind blew softly, describing the atmosphere of the morning in the mid-18th century. On the edge of the dock, looking walls Steamship "Lahn" is being rocked by waves. Some people (the original was a collection of sculptures) clustered there. Suitcases and other luggage piled nearby. A worker carrying goods sitting in a corner.

In the first ten years since the port was built, about 10,000 people left Europe via Bremerhaven every year. At that time, most of them often have to wait weeks sailing ship that will be docked to the dock, with poor sanitary conditions. They are often the target of the thief and burglar. To help them out of this sad state, built Auswandererhaus (Home Emigrants) in 1850. This building was once the largest building in Bremerhaven and offer a place to stay for up to 2000 people. Business emigration soon grow by leaps and bounds, the port expanded. 1854, Bremerhaven met by nearly 77,000 emigrants and the gang for overtaking Le Havre, making it Europe's largest port Emigrants time.

Next, with signposts german and english speaking, we are guided into the heart of the museum, called the Galerie 7 Millionen or Gallery 7 Million. The gallery consists of a lot of wooden drawers containing about 2000 data and the experiences of emigrants from time to time. One example is the biography of Strauss lob that left Germany in 1847, and six weeks later to the United States by the name of Levi Strauss - and there became famous worldwide for homemade cotton pants.

By swiping the card we have to pass an audio media available, we can also listen to a variety of reasons behind them across the sea to a new land.

In the 19th century, there was a significant population explosion in Germany, due to the high birth rate and increasing life expectancy. Meanwhile, employment is much reduced due to industrialization. These two factors led to the economic crisis of high unemployment, poverty and hunger. They lost hope for a better life in their own country. Meanwhile, the stories of those who have been successful after migrating to the United States, further strengthening the determination to seek a better life in a new country.

From 1933 until 1941, most of the people left Europe during the war. Approximately 278,000 of the approximately 530,000 Jews left Germany at that time. However, few of them choose Bremen as the exit, due to the tight üpengawasan by the government there. After the Second World War, many refugees, prisoners of war, the former Nazi concentration Kampf occupants and those who lost their homeland moved to a new country.

Gallery 7 Million we welcome up "ship", ie the museum on the third floor which is designed like a ship. From the outside, the cabins of the ship visible on the right, while the left is a lot of windows with views of the sea. Being in it seemed to be in a real ship.

The development of the technique of cruise ship sails to the changing conditions of the cruise steamer sailed the Atlantic. Sailing dangerous and time-consuming for weeks turned into fast and convenient shipping.

In the "ship", the journey begins in the third grade Bremen sailing ships, steamers and steamer Lahn quickly Colombus. First seen in the cabin atmosphere deck of a ship that set sail screen Bremen in 1854. To get across the ocean, it can take between 6 to 12 weeks. Ship full screen is initially used to transport commodities such as cotton, tobacco and tea from America to Europe. In order to not go with an empty, partially warehouse leased to the emigrant ship. Condition of the ship's 250 passengers berkapisitas sad. Many emigrants suffer from diseases caused by lack of sanitation and food supplies on board.

In the mid-19th century, began to be made steamboat. Not depending on wind and weather, the ship was able to reach the destination faster. Eight to 15 days is needed to sail from Europe to America. The situation on board is better than sailboats. In a ship's cabin, a bed containing dozens of passengers.

Since the 1890s, a mixture of steel began to be used in the manufacture of ships, so that people can produce larger ships. Progress making machine also causes the oceans to become more faster shipping. About five days needed to sail from Bremerhaven to New York.

Seventy percent of emigrants from Europe into the United States through New York. Until 1875, each person can enter the country freely. With the growing surge in the number of immigrants, the U.S. government imposed stricter regulations. However, only two to three percent of immigrants must return to their home country between the years 1892 to 1954. Ellis Island, aka the island of tears, is the largest emigrant station in the United States. As many as 24 million immigrants entered the country through the current between 1892 to 1954. Here done formality control of the emigrants. After health checked, every emigrant presented bebarapa personal questions, before approved as new U.S. citizens.

Business emigration began to fade in the early 1960's, when the ship was no longer to be excellent transportation. Function is being replaced aircraft, which can get to your destination more quickly and cheaply. In 1972, the cruise route Bremerhaven - New York ends. And two years later, sailing ships transporting recent immigrants to Australia.

"Cruise" for two hours to the United States at Deutsche Auswandererhaus was over unnoticed. The illusion of a human journey towards a new world appear quite nicely here. In addition to the showroom, the museum also provides facilities such as a mini cinema, and Forum Migration to emigrants and trace a family's search for the meaning of the name, as well as study the development of the movement of people globally.

On the ground floor of the museum building, there is a cafe open to the New Harbour. From there we can look at some of the boats that were moored at the dock. For children, provided the Kid's World, American-themed playroom.


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